Mit jelent a  major szó?

Család név, katonai szakszó, logikai terminológia, zenei szakszó, sport kifejezés, jogi szakszó, tudományos szakszó, üzleti név, de még további speciális jelentései is vannak ...

1. Család név

It is a family name.

The name Major came to England with the ancestors of the Major family in the Norman Conquest of 1066. It comes from the Norman given name Mauger. The name indicates one who is the son of Maugier, an Old French personal name, which is derived from the Old Germanic name Malger, which means council spear … további információ.

 The surname of Major was a baptismal name ‘the son of Mauger’ a 13th century font name. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries, a need was felt for a family name to replace the one given at birth, or in addition to it. This was recognized by those of noble birth, as it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. The bulk of European surnames in countries such as England and France were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries … további információ.

Major családi címerek:
Major crest  Major crest  Major Crest


 

2) Katonai szakszó 

Major is a rank of commissioned officer, with corresponding ranks existing in almost every military in the world.

It is also used in some police forces and other paramilitary rank structures.
When used in hyphenated or combined fashion, the term can also imply seniority at other levels of rank, including “general-major” or “major general”, denoting a mid-level general officer, and “sergeant major”, denoting the most senior NCO of a military unit … további információ

A commissioned rank in the U.S. Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps that is above captain and below lieutenant colonel.  When used in hyphenated or combined fashion, the term can also imply seniority at other levels of rank, including “general-major” or “major general“, denoting a mid-level general officer, and “sergeant major“, denoting the most senior NCO of a military unit.

Ranks equivalent to Major by country:
Jagran (جګړن) (Afghanistan)
少校 (Shaoxiao) (PR China)
Bojnik (Croatia)
Ra’Ed (راىد) (Egypt and most Arab League member countries)
Commandant (France)
Tagmatarchis (Ταγματάρχης) (Greece & Cyprus)
Őrnagy (Hungary)
Commandant (Ireland)
Rav seren (רב סרן) (Israel)
Mayor (Indonesia)
Shousa (Japan)
소좌 (North Korea)
소령 (South Korea)
Mejar (Malaysia)
Sturmbannführer (Schutzstaffel and paramilitary organisations of Nazi Germany)
Comandante (Spain)
少校 (Shaohsiao) (Republic of China/Taiwan)
Binbaşı (Turkey)
Thiếu Tá (Vietnam)
Major (Serbia)
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3) Logikai szakszó 
A categorical syllogism consists of three parts: the major premise, the minor premise and the conclusion. Each of the premises has one term in common with the conclusion: in a major premise, this is the major term (i.e., the predicate of the conclusion); in a minor premise, it is the minor term (the subject) of the conclusion. For example:
Major premise: All men are mortal.
Minor premise: All Greeks are men.
Conclusion: All Greeks are mortal.

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4) Zenei szakkifejezés 

In music theory, the major scale or Ionian scale is one of the diatonic scales. It is made up of seven distinct notes, plus an eighth which duplicates the first an octave higher. In solfege these notes correspond to the syllables “Do, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, Ti/Si, (Do)”, the “Do” in the parenthesis at the end being the octave of the tonic starting pitch. The simplest major scale to write or play on the piano is C major, the only major scale not to require sharps or flats, using only the white keys on the piano keyboard …

In rock and popular music, the major system is, “a chromatic system involving variable qualities (major and minor) of several chords whose roots are built on the notes of the Mixolydian scale.”

The numbers inside the circle show the number of sharps or flats in the key signature, with the sharp keys going clockwise, and the flat keys counterclockwise from C major (which has no sharps or flats.) The circular arrangement depends on enharmonic relationships in the circle, usually reckoned at six sharps or flats for the major keys of F♯ = G♭ and D♯ = E♭ for minor keys. Seven sharps or flats make major keys (C♯ major and C♭ major) that may be more conveniently spelled with five flats or sharps (as D♭ major or B major). … további információ

Major and minor intervals are so-called because certain diatonic intervals (seconds, thirds, sixths, sevenths, and their compounds) may occur in two sizes in the diatonic scale. The larger of the two versions is called major, the smaller one minor. For example, the third occurs both as three semitones away from Re, Mi, La, and Si in the major scale (or in the C major diatonic scale, three semitones above D, E, A, and B), and four semitones away from Do, Fa, and Sol, (or C, F, and G). The smaller, three-semitone version is called the “minor third” and the larger, four-semitone one is called the “major third”. Major intervals invert to minor ones, and vice-versa. For example, a major second inverts to a minor seventh, and the reverse. … további információ

The name given to a scale whose octave species is built of the following ascending sequence of intervals: T-T-S-T-T-T-S (T = tone, S = semitone). The note chosen to begin the sequence, the key note, becomes part of the name of the scale, i.e.the scale beginning on C is the scale of C major. A piece or passage whose melodic basis is a major scale (say, that on C) and whose harmonic basis is the major triad on the key note of that scale is said to be ‘in C major’.

A major Interval is any one that can be reckoned between the key note of a major scale and a higher note in that scale, other than those called ‘perfect’ (the 4th, 5th and octave). A major Triad is a three-note chord which, reckoned from the lowest note, is built of a major 3rd and a perfect 5th.

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- Fugue in E-flat Major: Two excellent examples of triple fugue (i.e., having three subjects) are Bach’s The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1, No. 4, and his Fugue in E-flat Major for organ, BWV 552, called the St. Anne (1739);

- Symphony No. 1 in D Major: The program of the purely orchestral Symphony No. 1 in D Major (1888; one of its five movements was later discarded) is autobiographical of his youth: the joy of life becomes clouded over by an obsession with death in the macabre…

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4) Sport név

The major leagues in US and Canada. The Official Site of Major League Baseball: Homepage

 

5) Jogi szakszó

One who has reached full legal age, a person who has reached the age of legal majority: “major children”. The age of majority, the age at which a person is considered to be an adult in the eyes of the law. It varies by activity from state to state. A person who has reached the age of majority is bound by any contracts, deeds, or legal relationships, such as marriage, which he or she undertakes. In most states the age of majority is eighteen, but it may vary depending upon the nature of the activity in which the person is engaged. In the same state the age of majority for driving may be sixteen while that for drinking alcoholic beverages is twenty-one. History of law

 

6) Tudományos terminológia

Computer Science Majors learn about computer systems and the way humans and computers interact from a scientific perspective. Instruction includes programming and the theory and design of software.
Nutrition Science Majors on the nutritional biochemistry track typically take more classes in biology and biochemistry but less classes in management and medical nutrition therapy than clinical nutrition majors. Nutrition science majors on the community nutrition track typically take more social science classes and less biology than the clinical majors or the nutrition science majors with a biochem emphasis.

major: a university student who is studying a particular field as the principal subject; “she is a linguistics major”,

major: the principal field of study of a student at a university; “her major is linguistics”.

 

7) Üzleti név

A large or important company: the oil majors.
Supermajor is a name commonly used to describe the world’s five (and sometimes six) largest publicly owned oil and gas companies.
Trading under various names around the world, the supermajors are considered to be:
- BP p.l.c. (United Kingdom)
- Chevron Corporation (United States)
- ExxonMobil Corporation (United States)
- Royal Dutch Shell plc (Netherlands & United Kingdom)
- Total S.A. (France)
- ConocoPhillips Company (United States) is also sometimes described as forming part of the group. … további információ

The demand for business majors will always be high because there are an endless number of career opportunities available to individuals with a good business education. Employers in every industry need people who have been trained to organize, plan, and manage within an organization. In fact, there are many companies in the business industry who rely on business school recruiting alone to acquire new employees. … további információ

 

8) További jelentések

major: a person who is superior in a group or class,

major: great, or greater, in size, importance etc: “major and minor roads”; “a major discovery”,

- major: of greater importance or stature or rank; “a major artist”; “a major role”; “major highways”,

major:  greater in scope or effect; “a major contribution”; “a major improvement”; “a major break with tradition”; “a major misunderstanding”,

major: greater in number or size or amount; “a major portion (a majority) of the population”; “Ursa Major”; “a major portion of the winnings”,

major: is commonly used, especially in journalism, to mean ‘important, significant’, without any notion of comparison inherent in the word’s origins,

- major: of the field of academic study in which one concentrates or specializes; “his major field was mathematics”,

- major: of a scale or mode; “major scales”; “the key of D major”,

- major: of greater seriousness or danger; “a major earthquake”; “a major hurricane”; “a major illness”,

- major: of the elder of two boys with the same family name; “Jones major”,

- major: have as one’s principal field of study; “She is majoring in linguistics”,

- major: a political leader invariably gives a major speech, a reference book is published in a major new edition, broadcasters produce a major new series, and major accidents occur regularly on main roads and motorways,

- major: excellent; serious; severe: ”This rally is, like, major!”,  ”Nick is a major dweeb”,
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9) Speciális magyar jelentések

- major: farm, small farm, farm-stead, lordship, manor,

major: shepherd (special szekely word),

major: őrnagy,

- major-general: vezérőrnagy,

- berevet-major: címzetes őrnagy.

 

10) Szinonímák 

Synonyms of major: above, better, big, chief, considerable, dominant, elder, exceeding, extensive, extreme, great, greater, hefty, higher, important, large, large-scale, larger, leading, main, most, oversized, outstanding, prima, primary, senior, sizable, star, starring, stellar, superior, supreme, ultra, upper.

Antonyms of major: insignificant, lesser, little, minor, nonaged, small, underage, unimportant.

 

11) Csillagászati nevek

- Ursa Major, ( Latin: “Greater Bear”) also called the Great Bear,   in astronomy, a constellation of the northern sky, at about 10 hours 40 minutes right ascension and 56° north declination.

Syrtis Major, distinctive dark marking on the surface of the planet Mars, centred near 290° W and 10° N, which extends some 1,500 km (930 miles) north from the planet’s equator and spans 1,000 km (620 miles) from west to east.

Canis Major, ( Latin: “Greater Dog”) constellation in the southern sky, at about 7 hours right ascension and 20° south in declination. The brightest star in Canis Major is Sirius, the brightest star in the sky and the fifth nearest to Earth, at a distance of 8.6 light-years.

Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, member of the Local Group of galaxies (the group that includes the Milky Way Galaxy) named after the constellation Canis Major, in which it appears to lie. It was discovered in 2003 by a team of astronomers from France, Italy, Australia, and the United Kingdom who were involved in the Two-Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS), a project initiated in the late 1990s in which automated telescopes in Arizona and Chile systematically scanned the entire sky in three infrared wavelengths.

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12) Híres emberek (Majorok)

John Major - prime minister of UK, in full Sir John Major   (born March 29, 1943, London, England), British politician and public official who was prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1990 to 1997.

Major Bernard Head - mountain climber: Sighted and named by the explorer-surveyor John Turnbull Thomson in 1857, the peak was first scaled in 1909 by Major Bernard Head.

André Major:  Intellectuals became vocal, and literary production more than tripled during the decade. A group of writers, including André Brochu, Paul Chamberland, and André Major, founded the magazine Parti pris (1963–68; “Position Taken”) and a publishing house of the same name to press their demands for a …

Lee Majors: In The Six Million Dollar Man, Col. Steve Austin (played by Lee Majors), a test pilot and former astronaut who had been severely injured in a crash, was “rebuilt” by the U.S. government’s Office of Scientific Intelligence (OSI) in an experimental procedure that replaced his legs, right arm, and left eye with cybernetic parts. In exchange for the $6 million …

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